Theme 1: Overseas exploration, most notably the Columbian Exchange will change EVERYTHING! People and goods will move across the globe like we have yet to see (although unit 1 does have lots of movement of people but that happened over hundreds of thousands of years ago). With this new interaction of Old World (Europe, Asia, Africa) and the New (the Americas) disease will have a very adverse effect on the Native Americans. We'll also see large scale deforestation to make way for plantations and larger farms. In spite of the devastating effects of smallpox and other diseases in the Americas, the world population will double from 1400-1800. Theme 2: One of the factors that brought people to the Americas (and Africa toward the end of the Early Modern era) was missionary goals hoping to spread Christianity. The Catholic Church will go through yet another major split with the Reformation. The church is further weakened with the rise of Protestantism and several break off forms of Christianity. Islam will continue to spread in Africa and southeast Asia. Arts and education will continue to flourish with the Renaissance's influence. Theme 3: We see the rise of the nation-states and monarchies, especially in Europe. This era will be dominated by the 4 Maritime Empires (Portugal, Spain, England, & France) while Asia will be influenced by the Land/Gunpowder Empires (China, Mughals, Ottomans, Russia, & the Safavids). Colonization will begin in this era by these maritime empires to help bring resources and wealth back to these relatively small nations. Theme 4: Trade continues to be prevalent, but colonization will change how it is done, as it is more of a taking than sharing of goods. Mercantilism begins where colonial powers will dictate the trade from their colonies. The Columbian exchange will completely change the items that are sold and traded as it opens the Western Hemisphere to many new products. It will also lead to the slave trade becoming an overseas venture. The trans-Atlantic/Triangle Trade will become a notable (and awful) part of history that will have large economic and social ramifications from now until modern day. Theme 5: Slavery changes from being a local institution (lower class usually made up of conquered peoples/foreigners) to an international one. Slaves from Africa will now be captured, sold, and brought to the Americas to work on large plantations to fund the export/import companies of the major maritime powers. The slave trade will last throughout this unit and won't begin to be outlawed until the 19th century. Women are still subordinate, and merchants and artisans (through the Renaissance and exploration) will continue to see their social status and wealth improve.
Important Dates to Know this Unit
Areas of Focus this Unit
People to Know in Unit 4
Place for all your Notes, Readings, and Activities
Nov 16 - Intro to Unit 4: What are we expected to know, Unit 4 Changes & Continuities, create outline and thesis thunderdome for Unit 4 CCOT HW: Chap 16 HW due Wed 11/18, Get a Five Intro to Unit 4 Nov 17 - QOTD, Chap 16 Notes, Maritime Empire comparative outlines HW: Chap 16 HW due tomorrow Nov 18 - Bell Ringer: Impact of a caravel & astrolabe, Zheng He mini Q work HW: Zheng He reading, Chap 17 HW due Mon 11/23 Nov 19 - QOTD, Map work: explorer's routes, Crash Course, 15th century mariners, compare Asian and European explorers HW: Chap 17 HW due Mon 11/23, Blog post: Why didn't China rule the waves Nov 20 - Explorer Tombstone and Obituary HW: Chap 17 HW due Mon
Europeans will begin to sail around the world and get involved in everyone's business, much of this unit is how these places deal with this meddling.
With this world travel though, the maritime empires of Europe are going to make lots of money (at everyone else's expense of course)
The Americas arguably get the worst of this, with disease, slavery, and the barbaric treatment of the Native Americans (not just in present day USA either)
Land empires still relevant, the Ottomans, Russians, Chinese and Mughals.
One of the most important events/happenings takes place during this time, the Colombian exchange, it literally changes course of history for many in multiple regions. (Collegeboard loves this topic and usually always has at least one question on the AP exam about this topic)